Pension Credit is a means-tested benefit for people who have reached the qualifying age.
It can top up your State Pension if you have a low income.
The qualifying age for getting Pension Credit increased to 65 in November 2018 and will again rise to 66 by October 2020, in line with State Pension age.
Since the 15th of May 2019, couples who make a new claim of Pension Credit must both be over pension age. If one person is over pension age and the other is not, the couple must claim Universal Credit instead, unless one of them received the Severe Disability Premium before the first person reached pension age. For more details please call the Parkinson's UK helpline on 0808 800 0303.
Pension Credit is made up of 2 parts: Guarantee Credit and Savings Credit. Depending on your circumstances, you may be entitled to either one, or both parts. Savings Credit is currently being phased out.
For both parts of Pension Credit, you must be present in Great Britain or Northern Ireland, be ‘habitually resident’ and have a ‘right to reside’ in the UK, and not be subject to immigration control.
What is Guarantee Credit?
This can top up your income (such as your State Pension) to a set amount, to provide you (and your partner, if you have one) with a basic income to live on.
Extra amounts will be added if you have certain housing costs, a severe disability or caring responsibilities.
Even if you do not get much Guarantee Credit, it's always worth claiming as it can give you access to other benefits (see below).
How is Guarantee Credit calculated?
The Guarantee Credit is calculated by comparing your income with a set figure (the ‘Appropriate Minimum Guarantee’). If your income is less than this, you're paid the balance as Guarantee Credit.
The Appropriate Minimum Guarantee consists of a standard rate of £167.25 a week if you're a single person and £255.25 a week for a couple. If your weekly income is less than this, Guarantee Credit will top it up to this amount. You might receive additions to this standard rate:
- Severe disability – single person: £65.85
- Severe disability – couple (one qualifies): £65.85
- Severe disability – couple (both qualify): £131.70
- Carer: £36.85
You might also get an addition to the standard rate if you're an owner-occupier to cover qualifying housing costs (such as certain service charges).
Since February 2019, you might also get amounts for being responsible for children.
The carer premium
The £36.85 a week 'carer premium' is available if you're eligible for Carer's Allowance. You can get this amount in your Pension Credit even if you're not actually paid Carer's Allowance (for example, because of another ‘overlapping’ benefit such as State Pension) as long as you have an underlying entitlement. See our information on Carer's Allowance to check whether you are eligible.
What income and savings are taken into account?
All of your income is taken into account when calculating the Guarantee Credit, unless it's specifically ignored (for example, Disability Living Allowance, Personal Independence Payment (PIP), Attendance Allowance and Housing Benefit are all ignored).
Earnings are taken into account after tax, National Insurance contributions and half of any contributions to a private pension are deducted. A small additional amount of your earnings is ignored – between £5 and £20 a week, depending on your circumstances.
Savings below a threshold of £10,000 will have no effect on your entitlement. You'll be counted as having an extra £1 a week income for every £500 (or part of £500) of savings that you have above £10,000. Certain types of capital, such as the value of your home, personal possessions and the surrender value of insurance policies will be ignored.
What is Savings Credit?
Savings Credit was created to encourage people with a modest income to save for retirement.
Savings Credit is currently being phased out. It may still be paid if you (and your partner, if you have one) are over 65, had reached State Pension age by 6 April 2016 and have qualifying income above a certain level.
The Savings Credit calculation is complex and the amounts paid are relatively small – the maximum you can get is £13.72 a week if you are single or £15.35 a week for a couple. For more information on your likely entitlement you can use the government's online Pension Credit calculator.
How do I claim Pension Credit?
In England, Scotland and Wales, call the Pension Credit claim line on 0800 99 1234 (textphone 0800 169 0133). In Northern Ireland, call 0808 100 6165.
When you phone you'll need:
- your National Insurance number
- information about any money you have coming in
- details of any savings and investments you have
- information on any service charges you must pay for your home
- details of the bank account you would like the Pension Credit payments paid into
Does Pension Credit affect access to other benefits?
If you’re awarded the Guarantee Credit of Pension Credit, you may be entitled to:
- full help with your rent
- help from your local council towards your Council Tax
- help with NHS charges, vouchers for glasses and hospital travel fares
It might also allow you access to certain schemes or tariffs from your utility provider.
If you’re entitled to either part of Pension Credit, you may be able to get a Social Fund Funeral Payment to help with funeral expenses if a partner, child, close relative or close friend has died.
From 1st June 2020, you'll be entitled to a free TV license if you're over 75 and receive either part of Pension Credit. The BBC will contact all pensioners over 75 to see if they're exempt from paying.
You may also be able to get help to cover the interest payments on a mortgage or eligible home improvement loan through a Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI) loan.