The UK has now left the EU
We’ll continue to update this page to include any new information on how Brexit will affect travel.
Please check this page regularly for the latest advice.
Getting a medical certificate
Before you travel, ask your GP, specialist or Parkinson’s nurse for a medical certificate or letter that explains you have Parkinson’s and lists the medication you’re taking.
It should also include any other medical equipment, such as needles and syringes, and electronic devices you're using.
You might need this for when you go through customs or if you become ill.
Making sure your holiday runs smoothly
- It’s a good idea to chat to your GP, specialist or Parkinson’s nurse about your plans before you go. They can check if there’s anything you need to take into consideration – like how much medication you'll need.
- If your medication regime has been recently changed, you should wait until it is working well before planning your trip.
- Whether you plan on travelling by air, rail, sea or car, explain what you need clearly to the company you're booking with. It's best not to assume that people will understand what sort of assistance someone with Parkinson’s may need.
- If you use any apps to help you manage your Parkinson's, such as helping you monitor your exercise or reminding you to take your medication on time, check the cost and availability of using your phone abroad before you travel.
- The Association of British Travel Agents has a helpful travel checklist for disabled and less mobile passengers. You or your travel agent can fill it in, and then use it to check if different transport, accommodation and facilities meet your needs.
You should talk to your GP, specialist or Parkinson’s nurse about:
getting a medical certificate or letter that explains you have Parkinson’s and lists the medication you’re taking. It should also include any other medical equipment, such as needles and syringes, and electronic devices you're using.
- how much medication you’ll need for your trip - and bringing extra away with you, just in case
- whether airport scanners could affect things like your pulse generator for deep brain stimulation
- whether any travel vaccinations you need could affect your medication
- whether your medications are heat or sun sensitive and may need special storage facilities
Or you can speak to one of the nurses on our helpline for advice about these things.
If you're going abroad, you may need to change your medication regime – especially if you're travelling across time zones. This may mean you need to take your medication at different times, but within the same hourly spread, or it may mean taking an extra tablet.
If you use rotigotine skin patches, the area of skin where you place them should not be exposed to any heat. So, if you're travelling to somewhere hot and you’re wearing clothing with short sleeves, you could place the patch on your stomach or thigh instead.
As everyone's medication regime is different, it's very important you speak to your GP, specialist or Parkinson's nurse before you go. They'll be able to help you work out the best way to take your medication while you're travelling and after you reach your destination.
Travelling by air
If you are flying, it's important to drink plenty of fluids during your flight, so you don't become dehydrated. This is particularly important if you have low blood pressure (postural hypotension). If the cabin crew know you have Parkinson's, they can make sure to offer you drinks throughout the flight.
It's important to have a valid travel insurance policy before you go on holiday.
If you have Parkinson's, make sure the policy covers pre-existing medical conditions. If you don't declare a medical condition and need to make a claim, your policy may be invalid.
Think about buying travel insurance as soon as you've booked your holiday. You'll then be covered between booking and the date you travel. Good travel insurance policies will cover the cost of cancelling your trip if you're unwell and can't go, for example.
If you're planning on taking any equipment or mobility aids with you, make sure they're insured for loss or damage. Standard travel insurance policies don't always cover these items.
Under the Equality Act 2010, companies and service providers, including insurance and travel companies, must not, without reason, refuse to provide a service to a disabled person that they offer other members of the public.
However, the law allows insurers to apply special conditions or premiums to disabled people if they can show there’s a greater risk in insuring them. People with Parkinson's have told us that they have found the price of these premiums reasonable in many cases.
The Association of British Insurers has consumer information relating to all types of insurance – including travel insurance – and what to do if things go wrong.
Travelling by air
Plan and allow plenty of time for travel. Airlines will offer assistance if you need it, as long as they know in advance – normally 48 hours before your flight. They can arrange a wheelchair and escort to meet you from the car park, train station or taxi and take you through check-in. They can also arrange for you to be taken to your departure gate and boarded first. At your destination, you can be escorted off the plane and taken through passport control and customs. It's compulsory for all large European airports to offer free assistance to older or disabled passengers.
Even if you don’t normally use a wheelchair, you may want to consider arranging an escort at the airport. It can be particularly helpful for long flights or flights involving transfers.
If you're travelling with your own wheelchair or other aids, most airlines will carry two pieces of mobility equipment for free. Wheelchairs need to be checked in, but the airline will provide an airport wheelchair to use until you’re on the plane.
If you prefer to walk to your gate you might find that using a backpack keeps your hands free to help you do this.
Many airlines will let you pre-book a seat on the plane, so you can choose one that suits you. Some airlines charge for this, so check their policy when you book your trip.
Travelling by train
Eurostar provides free assistance for Eurostar passengers who need it at any terminal. You can arrange this when you book your trip, or 48 hours in advance of your journey.
If you’re travelling by train within the UK, the National Rail website has information about accessibility at stations and how to arrange journey assistance.
Travelling by car
The Blue Badge scheme helps some people with Parkinson’s if they have problems walking.
It can be used in all European countries, but exact parking rules vary from country to country. Try to find out about them before you go. The Department of Transport has produced information called Using a Blue Badge in the EU.
Always carry your medication in the original packaging and keep it in your hand luggage, along with the medical certificate or letter from your doctor or nurse.
Remember that some medications are 'sun sensitive' and may need special storage facilities. Check with your GP or Parkinson's nurse about this if you are unsure.
Restrictions and contingency planning
You may need to check with the embassy or High Commission of the country you're visiting to see if they have any restrictions on taking your medication into the country. Some medication may contain ingredients that are illegal where you're travelling to.
Also, just in case you lose your medication, check if you can get your specific drugs in the country you're travelling to. Drugs may have different names in different countries, so it's good to know what they’re called where you're going. The drug company should be able to advise you on this.
Ask your GP to give you a prescription for extra medication to cover more than the length of your trip. For example, if you're going away for two weeks, take four weeks' medication just in case your travel plans are disrupted.
Deep brain stimulation
Certain metal detectors or scanners may affect electronic devices such as your pulse generator for deep brain stimulation, so it's always advisable to discuss this with your specialist or Parkinson's nurse before travelling.
If you have had deep brain stimulation and have a rechargeable unit implanted, make sure it is fully charged and working well. You should take your recharging unit with you if you are going away for more than a few days.
European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)
The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) allows you to receive free or subsidised medical treatment in all European Economic Area (EEA) countries.
If you’re normally resident in the UK and are British, you can apply for an EHIC for free or by calling 0300 330 1350. When the UK leaves the European Union in 2019, the EHIC may no longer be available to British people, but plans are still unclear.
Not everything that would be free on the NHS is covered by the EHIC. But you should be able to get the same treatment as a resident of the country you're visiting receives. If you do have to pay anything towards your care, it may be possible to get a refund when you return to the UK. You should call the EHIC Overseas Healthcare Team to find out more.
It’s important to have both a valid EHIC and a travel insurance policy when you travel. The EHIC isn't an alternative to travel insurance – it doesn’t cover the cost of being flown back to the UK or private medical healthcare, for example.
Medical treatment outside Europe
The UK has agreements with some countries that may mean you're able to receive free or reduced rate healthcare outside Europe in an emergency.
If you're charged for treatment, you won't be able to apply for a refund from the UK Government when you return home.
To get treatment, you'll usually need to show your British passport and proof of residence, such as a driving licence.
Your holiday checklist
There can be a lot of think about when you are planning a holiday with Parkinson's. Our holiday checklist can help you to prepare for your trip.
How to tell people you have Parkinson’s while you're away
Wearing a MedicAlert bracelet or pendant can be very helpful if you’re not able to communicate in an emergency. It is a piece of jewellery that provides contact details and medical information, including what medications you’re taking.
The European Parkinson’s Disease Association online translation tool allows you to translate the phrase “I have Parkinson’s. Please allow me time. In case of emergency contact…” into 25 different languages. You can then print it out and keep it in your wallet or purse while you’re away.
You may also want to order and carry a Parkinson’s UK alert card, which tells people you have Parkinson’s. It’s a plastic card you can keep in your purse or wallet in case of emergencies or when having difficulties with movement or communication.
Last updated March 2019. We review all our information within 3 years. If you'd like to find out more about how we put our information together, including references and the sources of evidence we use, please contact us at [email protected]